History of Mercedes-Benz: A Century of Luxury and Innovation
Mercedes is known as one of the famous car brands, favored by many people around the world. Mercedes-Benz not only specializes in producing the safest and most modern luxury cars. In addition, this place also produced legendary racing cars that dominated prestigious racing events around the world. The name Mercedes-Benz was formed, so there is a long story behind it, filled with excitement and many valuable lessons.
Let's find out the history of Mercedes-Benz and how they could be successful!
History of Mercedez-Benz
The two most prominent names when mentioning the father of the Mercedes-Benz company of the Federal Republic of Germany, cannot help but mention Gottlieb Daimler and Carl Benz.
The two people, with the invention of the engine in the 1880s, officially laid the first bricks that gave birth to motorized personal transportation. Even though both men did not know each other at that time, they still conducted their first personal experiments together with the help of sponsors and personal capital to establish a separate company.
Finally in October 1883, Benz founded the company Benz & Co. And in November 1880, the birth of Daimler DMG company opened.
The First Mercedes-Benz was born
Emil Jellinek constantly asked DMG to continuously create faster, more powerful engines. In 1899, Jellinek participated in speed races and took the name Mercedes - his 10-year-old daughter's name - to compete. That's why the famous Mercedes car brand name appeared in the Federal Republic of Germany later.
In April 1900, DMG and Jellinek agreed on the development of the Daimler engine and car company after deciding to produce the new engine under the name "Daimler-Mercedes". Jellinek officially named the product after his daughter, which in Spanish Mercedes also means "graceful". It can be said that Emil Jellinek himself could not have imagined that in the future his daughter's name would go down in the history of the automobile industry, not only that, but it would also be one of the largest car companies in the world.
On November 22, 1900, DMG officially delivered the first car with the new engine to Jellinek, which was a racing car with 35 horses. This first Mercedes was developed by engineer Wilhelm Maybach. This name is probably not unfamiliar to many people, because he is also a person with a great reputation in the world automobile industry. In addition, this first Mercedes has also been recorded in history books as one of the first automobiles in the world.
On June 23, 1902, the name Mercedes was registered as the official product name.
In June 1903, Emil Jellinek received permission and consent from the court, and from there officially changed his name to Jellinek Mercedes.
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History of Mercedes-Benz Logo: Three-pointed Star
Before his death, Gottlied Daimler used the star as a symbol when he was the technical director of an engine factory. For that reason, DMG's board of directors immediately took advantage of this idea and immediately registered for exclusive protection of the three-pointed star and four-pointed star.
In June 1909, although only the three-pointed star was used, there were no problems. Since 1910, the three-pointed star symbol has been shaped in plastic and attached to the front of the car to create the company's unique character.
As time passed, after many modifications, many additional details were designed, specifically in 1916, people designed an additional circle surrounding the star including 4 small stars and Mercedes letters.
In 1921, DMG company presented the three-pointed star symbol in a circle to the patent office for registration. In August 1923, this symbol was officially put into use.
After World War I, all difficulties piled up, inflation increased, and demand for goods decreased sharply, especially for high-end products such as personal cars. Therefore, businesses cannot help but merge or cooperate to survive and overcome this difficult period together.
Therefore, in June 1926, the two oldest car companies in Germany decided to merge together, forming the Daimler-Benz group. They created a new symbol, a three-pointed star with the words Mercedes surrounded by a laurel wreath. This symbol has been kept for the past century and is still preserved by the company to adorn Mercedes-Benz.
In 1927, the number of cars sold by the company tripled - reaching 7,918 units.
On April 4, 1929, Carl Benz passed away at his home at the age of 84 due to pneumonia. As for Gottlieb Daimler, he died in 1900 at the age of 66, he could not witness many developments and changes in the car industry from his ideas.
Focus on Quality
Since then, Mercedes-Benz cars are famous around the world as some of the best. They often focus on quality rather than quantity and focus on applying the latest technology to their cars. Examples include the anti-lock braking system and the art of fuel injection. However, this also costs them a lot of money. For example, the company recently introduced an active braking system and it has been installed on more than 600,000 of its cars, but this system has problems. , forcing the company to conduct a large-scale recall that cost the company millions of dollars.
Besides, the racing car market is also a field that Mercedes is targeting and is quite famous. In the early 1900s, the company introduced the Simplex car, this was the first racing car built by the company, the car's chassis was lowered and the engine was calibrated to achieve maximum power. Because of those outstanding design features, Simplex has continuously dominated auto races for many years to come.
The Collaboration with McLaren
The first Acciddent
In the 1950s, this was the most glorious but also the darkest period in Mercedes' racing history for this famous German car company. At that time, this company released the legendary 300 SLR, a car associated with the names of two monuments in the world of F1 racing.
At that time, it was not only the fastest car but also integrated many of the most modern technologies in the world with a total of 9 championships in the 12 races it participated in. However, those glorious days did not last long after a terrible accident at the Lemanch racetrack.
Specifically, the 300 SLR driven by Pierre Levegh caused a serious accident that killed 80 people. After that time, Mercedes stopped all production of the SLR model and also automatically withdrew from the GP race.
Partnership with McLaren
In 1999, when Mercedes cooperated with McLaren to build a new supercar line inspired by the legendary 300 SLR series, it was restarted. Its Concept was launched in 1999 as the Mercedes-Benz Vision, which combined the luxury and reliability of Mercedes with the performance and engineering of McLaren.
Four years later, Mercedes continued to launch a convertible model called Vision SLR Roadster and the finished product called Mercedes SLR McLaren was launched in 2003, produced at the McLaren Technology Center in the UK. This car model is capable of accelerating from 0-100km/h in 3.8 seconds, from 0-200km/h in 10.6 seconds and from 0-300km/h in 28.8 seconds before reaching maximum speed. 334km/h.
In 2006, Mercedes continued to succeed in launching the SLR McLaren 722 Edition. This number 722 symbolizes the serial number on the 300 SLR that the legendary racer won the championship in 1955. In addition, the car's engine power was also pushed to 650 hp and the ability to accelerate from 0 -100km/h has been reduced to 3.6 seconds before reaching a maximum speed of 317 km/h.
But the pinnacle of the cooperation agreement between Mercedes and McLaren is the SLR McLaren Stirling Moss with a special design without a ceiling or windshield. This supercar has the ability to accelerate from 0-100km/h in 3.5 seconds and reach a maximum speed of 350km/h, the fastest among the SLR versions the company has ever produced.
Not long after that, the partnership between Mercedes and McLaren officially ended, causing speed enthusiasts to no longer have the opportunity to witness the launch of new super SLR versions. And there is information that the rift in the cooperation process of these two famous German car companies stems from the fact that McLaren wants to produce a more powerful sports car line, but Mercedes only wants to focus on into luxury cars that bring comfort and high safety to users.
The Diversification of Car Lines
Thanks to the strength of high technology and comfort in luxury cars, the Mercedes name has been associated with the history of car development. Most heads of state, politicians or tycoons are familiar Mercedes customers.
In the 21st century, following the general trend of most customers' tastes, Mercedes has also gradually diversified its car types, specifically into expensive Sedan, Cupe or SUV cars. In addition, Mercedes also produces multi-purpose MPVs or mini vans to serve the majority of low-income ordinary users.
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Popular Mercedes-Benz models
Mercedes-Benz A Class
The Mercedes-Benz A class was launched in September 1997 and is the smallest in size among the models. This car line is famous for its new generation front-wheel drive system.
Mercedes-Benz A class generations:
- From 1997 to 2004: Generation Mercedes-Benz A class – W168
- From 2004 to 2012: Second generation Mercedes-Benz A class – W169
- From 2012 to present: Third generation Mercedes-Benz A class – W176
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Mercedes-Benz B Class
This Mercedes-Benz B Class is designed for families with small sizes. However, their size is also a bit larger than the A class cars. The Mercedes B class line is also known as the MPV line.
Generations of Class B:
- From 2005 to 2011: First generation Mercedes-Benz cars – W245
- From 2011 to present: Second generation Mercedes-Benz cars – W246
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Mercedes-Benz C Class
The Mercedes C Class was launched in 1993 and quickly received love from car lovers. This small sedan line also brings high revenue to Mercedes. This vehicle line is often equipped with I4, V8, V6 engines combined with RWD or 4Matic drive systems. Furthermore, this car line also has other diverse variations.
Some generations of Mercedes-Benz C Class:
- From 1993 - 2000: First generation Mercedes-Benz C Class - W202.
- From 2000 – 2007: Second generation Mercedes-Benz C Class – W203.
- From 2007 – 2014: Third generation Mercedes-Benz C Class – W204.
- From 2014 – present: Fourth generation Mercedes-Benz C Class – W205.
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Mercedes-Benz E CLass
This Mercedes-Benz E Class uses electronic fuel injection technology. Generations of C Class include:
- From 1993 to 1995: First generation Mercedes-Benz C Class – W124.
- From 1995 to 2002: Second generation Mercedes-Benz C Class – W120.
- From 2002 to 2009: Third generation Mercedes-Benz C Class – W211.
- From 2009 to 2016: Fourth generation Mercedes-Benz C Class – W212.
- From 2016 to present: Fifth generation Mercedes-Benz C Class – W213.
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The history of Mercedes-Benz is a testament to unwavering innovation, pioneering spirit, and a dedication to creating the ultimate driving experience. From the groundbreaking Patent Motorwagen to the sleek lines of today's S-Class, the brand has consistently pushed the boundaries of automotive technology and design, leaving an indelible mark on the world's car culture. As one chapter closes on this remarkable journey, we can be certain that the enduring legacy of Mercedes-Benz will continue to inspire future generations, propelling the brand toward ever-greater heights in the annals of automotive history.